The Russian Federation occupies the eastern part of Europe and Northern Asia, it shares borders with Norway and Finland in the northwest, Poland, Ukrain, Belarus in the west, China, Mongolia and the Korean People's Democratic Republic in the southeast. The north of the Federation touches the Arctic Ocean, to its east is the Pacific, to the west and south-west is the Atlantic Ocean and the Caspian Sea.
Russia measures about 17,075,400 square kilometers in area. The country is woven in the fabric of diversified cultures with people across the globe making there adobe here, predominant among them are the Russians, Tartars, Ukrainians, Byelorussians, Bashkirs, Jews, Mordvinians, Marl, Kazakhs and Uzbeks with several other nationalities adding flamboyancy to the versatile spirit of the nation. Moscow is the capital of Russia. Within the Republic there are around 1,000 towns, of these, including moscow , nine cities have a population of over a million (St.Petersburg, Volgograd, Rostov on Don, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk and Omsk).
The territory enjoys a wide array of natural blessings in terms of its topography. The western part largely has vast plains (East European and West Siberian) interrupted by the Ural Mountains to the east and the mountainous areas of southern and northeastern Siberia and the Soviet at the Far East. In the south of the European part are the mountain ranges of the Greater Caucasus.
Due to its size, Russia has variable climatic conditions differing from Arctic in the northern parts to subtropical in the south. Over most of the territory, however, the mean January temperature is below Zero. The Republic has a largely good network of perennial rivers. The Caspian Sea basin receives the flow from the Volga, Ural and the rivers of Daghestan. There are also some 2 million fresh and salt-water lakes, the biggest of which are the Baikal, Ladoga and Onega. Russia today portrays an indomitable image of a modern world with mega industrial revolution and evolution; it also has dozens of nuclear, thermal and hydroelectric power stations. It is also a major engineering product manufacturer. The country has abundance of natural resources in the form of natural gas, petroleum, wind farms and minerals. It shows excellence on the medical, engineering, aviation and space factor. The country is further replenished with resourceful talent pool that is paving new horizons and benchmarking Russia world wide.